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Obstet Gynecol Sci > Volume 54(6); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2011;54(6):279-285.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5468/KJOG.2011.54.6.279    Published online June 1, 2011.
The pros and cons of different modes of delivery at a single institution.
Ji Won Ryu, Young Ho Rho, Sang Won Han, Hyun Yong Ha, Euy Hyuk Kim
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea. raksumi10@gmail.com
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To compare the postpartum maternal and neonatal effects and complications according to delivery modes. METHODS: Five hundred twenty eight singleton pregnant women, who delivered after 36 gestational weeks in National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital between July 2007 and July 2009, were retrospectively analyzed. They were categorized into 3 groups: group A, vaginal delivery; group B, elective cesarean delivery; and group C, emergent cesarean delivery. We evaluated the difference in hemoglobin decrement and postpartum hospital stays, medico-surgical curettage, and antibiotics usage. From the view point of neonates, 1 and 5 minute Apgar scores and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission rates and meconium aspiration rates were evaluated. RESULTS: Postpartum hemoglobin decrement and postpartum hospital days were statistically different among the groups, which results were 1.28 vs. 1.88 vs. 2.68 g/dL and 3.5 vs. 5.9 vs. 6.6 days, respectively (p<0.001). Number of out-patient-department follow-up was highest in group C and additional antibiotics usage was highest in group A with statistical significance. The Apgar score was highest in group B (8.0% vs. 3.2% vs. 16.3%, p=0.002). NICU admission rate and meconium aspiration were also lowest in group B (4.5% vs. 0% vs. 7.5%, p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Although vaginal delivery showed advantage over blood loss related to procedure, hospital days and number of follow up, elective cesarean delivery has advantage carrying less severe complication of mother and better outcome for the baby than other delivery methods.
Key Words: Cesarean section, Delivery, obstetric, Pregnancy complication
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