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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1998;41(11):2859-2863.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Detection of Down Syndrome & Edward Syndrome in uncultured amniocytes using FISH ( Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization.
Shin Yong Moon, Jin Choi, Do Yeong Hwang, Young Min Choi, Eun Ju Chang, Kyung Soon Cheong, Ki Chul Kim, Eung Gi Min, Jin Yong Lee
Abstract
FISH is suggested as a possible method to detect the numerical and structural abnormalities of chromosomes in interphase nucleus. We performed this study to discuss the clinical usefulness of FISH in uncultured amniocytes and to set up the cut-off value for further study. We collected amniotic fluid samples from patients whose chromosome studies were recommended due to screen positive for Down and Edword syndrome in triple marker test using maternal serum. The centromeric probe for chromosome 18 and the locus-specific probe for chromosome 21 were used and the results were compared to their karyotypes. We could find 2 cases of trisony 21 and 2 cases of trisony 18 and the other cases represented normal karyotypes. The accuracies were 91% for disomy 18, 89% for trisomy 18, 92% for disomy 21 and 88% for trisomy 21. Therefore FISH technique is a possible method to detect the chromosomal abnormalities in uncultured amniocytes and the use of locus-specific probe for chromosome 21 would be more useful for detecting the aneuploidy of chromosome 21 than 13/21 centromeric probe.
Key Words: FISH, Uncultured amnioctes, Down syndrome, Edward syndrome


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