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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1998;41(12):2986-2989.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Change of Biochemical Bone Markers in Pre- and Postmenopausal Women according to their Menopausal Period.
Hyung Sik Chu, Hee Dong Chae, Chung Hoon Kim, Yoon Seok Chang, Jung Eun Mok, Byung Moon Kang, Jun Sik Jo, Eun Hee Kang
Abstract
Changes of bone turnover with aging are responsible for bone loss and play a major role in osteoporosis. Among the early postmenopausal women, as are known by previous study, there are about 35% ""fast bone losers and bone turnover is more uncoupled in osteoporotic group than in normal control. So, early detection of such fast losers"" and women who have high turnover rate is important to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis and spontaneous fracture. Dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DEXA), however, cannot reflect current bone loss because changes in bone mineral density (BMD) are only seen after 1 or more years of bone densities declining. In this study, we have measured a battery of new sensitive and specific markers of bone turnover which reflect current bone loss. To investigate the changing pattern of those markers, 674 healthy women including 451 postmenopausal women were classified, according to their menopausal period (less than 5 years, 5-10 years, more than 10 years). Bone formation was assessed by serum osteocalcin (OC), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) and bone resorption by the urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline (DPD), cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX). All Biochemical markers, except OC, significantly increased after menopause (p < 0.05). NTX and BSAP remained elevated after 10 years of menopause. These data indicated that the overall rates of both bone formation and bone tesorption increased after menopause and remained high in elderly women.
Key Words: Bone markers, Osteoporosis, Menopause


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