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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1998;41(12):3053-3057.
Published online January 1, 2001.
A Clinical Study on Peripartum Emergency Hysterectomy.
Hong Lyon Jee, Si Hong Park, Kyung Hwa Lee, Byung Chul Yoon, Jung Geun Kim
Peripartum emergency cesarean hysterectomy of 28 cases at our hospital for 10years were reviewed that the clinical indication, history, and annual incidence change. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis from January, 1988 to December, 1997 was carried out. RESULTS: There were 28 cases of emergency cesarean hysterectomy identified during this period among total 24, 689 deliveries. The annual incidence of emergency cesarean hysterectomy was significantly declined statistically(p<0.005). Cesarean hysterectomy was performed in 20 of 6, 671 cesarean section(0.30%) and in 8 of 18, 018 vaginal deliveries(0.04%), so more frequently after cesarean section than vaginal delivery. The cesarean hysterectomy rate was more frequent in multiparous women(0, 22%) than in nulliparous women(0, 02%). The most common indication of cesarean hysterectomy was 13 cases of uterine atony(46%), followed by 5 cases uterine rupture(18%), 5 cases of placenta previa with placenta accreta(18%), 3 cases of placenta previa(11%), 2 cases of uterine myoma(7%). No significant difference in length of operating time, amount of blood loss and operative complications were found between total abdominal hysterectomy and subtotal hysterectomy. The all patient who had cesarean hysterectomy recieved from 1200ml to 15840ml of blood transfusion with a mean of 3673ml. In aspect of fetal outcome, 3 cases of FDIU(Fetal death in utero) in uterine rupture and 1 case of stillbirth in preterm were found. The maternal complications were wound disruption, DIC, wound hematoma, ureter injury, vaginal stump bleeding, UTI(Urinary tract infection) and retroperitoneal bleeding, CONCLUSION: We conclude that the incidence of emergency cesarean hysterectomy declined with prediction of antenatal risk factor, preparing of sufficient fresh blood, prophylactic antibiotics, vigorous uterotonics and close observation after delivery.
Key Words: Peripartum emergency hysterectomy

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