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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;42(2):388-391.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Comparison of Intravaginal Misoprostol and Prostaglandin E2 Vaginal Tablet in Termination of Mid - Trimester Pregnancy.
Jong In Kim, Taek Hoon Kim
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To compsre the efficiency, success rate, and abortion time of applications of intravaginal misoprostol versus prostaglandin E2 vaginal tablet for mid-trimester pregnancy termination Subjects and methods: Eighty four patients between 17-29 weeks of gestation with medical, obstetric, or genetic reasons far termination were randomized to receive either 50 ug tablets of misoprostol placed in the posterior vaginal fornix or prostaglandin E2 3mg in tables placed into the endocervix. RESULTS: Among eighty four patients recruited, fourty five patients received misoprostol and thirty nine patients received prostaglandin E2 vaginal tablets. The average interval hom start of induction to vaginal delivery was 13.35 +/- 3.34 hours in misoprostol poup and 19.14 +/- 10.64 hours in the prostaglandin E2 group. The success rate of complete termination within 12 and 24 hours in misopr-ostol group were 57.7%, 93.3%, respectively, while in prostaglandin E2 group were 20.5%, 82.1% repectively. Oxytocin augumentation was 6.7% in misoprostol group and 17.9% in the prostaglardin E2 group. No serious complication occumd. CONCLUSION: Intracervicovaginal misoprostol appears to be acceptably safe and effective agents for second trimester pregnancy termination. The abortion time is less in misoprostol group than those in the prostaglandin E2 group. Misoprostol has the advantage of being expensive, easily stored and readily available. We used 50 ug tablets of misoprostol every four hours. But, we suspect that the regimen of 100ug misopostol inserted intracervico-vaginally every eight hours will beis the proper and optimal method for pregnancy termination.
Key Words: Pregnancy termination, misoprostol, prostaglandin vaginal tablet


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