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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;42(3):475-480.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Determination of Circulating Antiendometrial Antibodies in Patients with Endometriosis by Western Blot and Enzyme - linked Immunosorbent Assay.
Shin Yong Moon, Young Min Choi, Seok Hyun Kim, Jin Yong Lee, Jung Gu Kim, Soon Beom Kang, Chang Seok Suh
To investigate whether endometrial proteins with molecular weight(MW) of 92 kilodalton(kDa) may be a specific antigen involved in autoimmunity in endometriosis and to evaluate the efficacy of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) in determining antiendometrial antibodies, compared with Western blot. METHODS: Sera of forty-eight patients with endometriosis, 21 patients with normal control patients, 7 patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kustner-Hauser(MRKH) syndrome and cord sera of 22 male neonates(experimental controls) were tested for the presence of antibodies against endometrial proteins by Western blot and ELISA. All statistics were performed by Fishers exact teast and Student's t-test. RESULTS: Fourteen(29.1%), 18.8%, and 33.3% of sera from patients with endometriosis had immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies that were reactive against endometrial proteins of MW of 71, 92, 103 kDa while any sera from experimental controls did not show any reactivity against these antigens. Overall, threr were specific IgG antiendometrial antibodies detectable by Western blot in 56.3% of patients with endometriosis and in a normal eontrol patient. The binding activities of serum IgG to endometrial proteins were higher in patients with endometriosis than other groups. Circulating IgG antiendometrial antibodies were detected by ELISA in 54.3% of 35 patients with endometriosis and in 2 normal control patients. The concordance rate between ELISA and Western blot in determining the presence of antiendometrial antibodies was 78.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Ninety-two kDa endometrial protein is a specific antigen eliciting IgG responses in endometriosis. ELISA may be an useful method in screening autoimmune endometriosis.
Key Words: Endometriosis, Antiendometrial antibodies, Western blot, ELISA

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