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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;42(12):2657-2665.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Human Papillomavirus Detection and E6 Oncoprotein Expression in Uterine Cervical Cancer.
Soo Hong Ahn, Kyung Sook Jean, Sung Jun Park, Young Gi Lee, Doo Jin Lee, Sung Ho Lee
To evaluate the correlation of HPV infection and E6 oncoprotein expression with carcinogenesis and prognostic role of cervical carcinoma METHODS: Paraffin embedded tissues were obtained from 35 invasive cervical carcinoma, 15 carcinoma in situ, 12 dysplasia of cervix and 20 patients with benign uterine disease as control. HPV type was determined by polymerase chain reaction using type specific primers. E6 oncoprotein expression was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining using C1P5 mouse monoclonal antibody. RESULTS: 1. The positivity of HPV type 16 PCR in invasive cervical carcinoma was 77.1% and it was significantly higher than carcinoma in situ(53.3%), cervical dysplasia(25%), and control (10%). But the positivity of HPV type 18 was not correlated between above groups. 2. The positivity of HPV type 16/18 in cervical carcinoma was not correlated to patient's age. 3. The positivity of HPV in cervical carcinoma was correlated to clinical stage of cervical carcinoma but the positivity of HPV in cervical dysplasia was not correlated to the degree of dysplasia. 4. The positivity of E6 oncoprotein expression was 77.1% in invasive cervical carcinoma, 66.7% in carcinoma in situ and 20% in control group. E6 oncoprotein was not decteted among the cases which negative was for HPV 16/18. The E6 oncoprotein expression in 35 cases of invasive cervical carcinoma was negative in 8, weakly positive in 7, positive in 12, and strong positive in 8 ases. But in 20 cases of normal control group, there was no case of strong positive or posirive E6 oncoprotein expression. 5. The E6 oncoprotein expression was significantly correlated to the clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. The incidence of lymph node metastasis increased and the stage became higher as the E6 oncoprotein expression increased. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that HPV is one of the most important factors in the carcinogenesis of cervical carcinoma and the E6 oncoprotein expression may be associated with biological aggressiveness of cervical carcinoma.
Key Words: Human papillomavirus, E6 oncoprotein, Cervical carcinoma, E6

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