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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2000;43(1):38-42.
Published online January 1, 2001.
The differences of fetal heart rate according to fetal sex.
Young Lee, Eun Jeong Baik, Jong Chul Shin, Dae Young Chung, Soo Pyung Kim, Chang Yee Kim, Hee Bong Moon, Chong Seung Yi
The purpose of this study is to analyze the previously unreported effect of fetal sex on the fetal heart rate and to measure its magnitude in relation to the effects of other independent clinical variables. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen pregnant women who were able to provide electronic fetal heart rate monitoring were evaluated. On the basis of fetal sex after birth, 167 pregnant women who delivered male neonate were for males group and 146 examples who delivered female neonate were for female group. We analyzed fetal heart rate data using the Catholic Computer Assisted Obstetric Diagnosis System(CCAOD). RESULTS: Female fetuses had significantly faster basal heart rate(140.51+/-12.43bpm) than male fetuses(137.64+/-13.68 bpm).(P=0.007) Percent acceleration time(PAT) increased significantly for males(6.10+/-4.00bpm), comparing to females(4.90+/-3.34bpm).(P=0.001) Also percent deceleration time(PDT) was significantly higher in male fetuses(7.50+/-8.70bpm) than female fetuses(6.18+/-7.70bpm).(P=0.039) But there was no differences in standard deviation(SD)(8.84+/-10.11bpm, 8.11+/-3.56bpm), long term variation(LTV)(80.38+/-62.79msec, 73.65+/-54.60msec), and short term variation(STV)(14.06+/-9.79msec, 13.33+/-12.32msec) between male and female fetuses. CONCLUSION: The fetal heart rate of female fetuses differ from that of male fetuses. Computerized linear analysis and nonlinear analysis of antepartum fetal heart rate will need to take into account the multiple factors that influence the fetal heart rate to identify precisely which pattern predict clinical outcome.
Key Words: Sex, Fetal heart rate, Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring

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