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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2000;43(1):76-81.
Published online January 1, 2001.
The Effectiveness of Lowdose Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist and high dose hMG after Estrogen-Progesterone therapy in poor responder group to ovarian hyperstimulation.
Sang Hoon Yi, Min Hur, Yeon hee Kim, Dong ho Kim, Do hwan Bae
To evaluate the efficacy of low dose gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist(GnRH-a) therapy combined with high dose human menopausal gonadotrpin(hMG) following estrogen & progesteron therapy for poor responders. METHODS: From May 1997 to Feb 1999, 36 patients who were defined as poor responders on previous consecutive two and more superovulation cycles were randomly allocated to lowdose GnRH-a short protocol with high dose hMG protocol pretreated with estrogen & progesterone(E/P therapy)(n=16)(study group) and the clomiphene citrate with hMG(n=20)(control group). All patients were planned to undergone in-vitro- fertilization(IVF) and embryo transfer(ET) after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation(COH). RESULTS: Two groups were similar with respect to clinical features and basal FSH and E2 levels. The mean level of E2 on day 5, 304.3+/-148.ng/ml in study group was significantly higher than that in control group, 182+/-34.9ng/ml. The mean levels of E2 on hCG day was also significantly higher in study group than control group(1324+/-320ng/ml, vs 414+/-168ng/ml). The mean day of hCG day in study group, 12.3+/-0.3 was shorter than that in control group, 13.8+/-0.4. The concellation rates of cycles were significantly lower in study group than control group(13.2% vs 84.2%). But clinical pregnancy rates did not showed the significant difference between two groups. CONCLUSION: The study suggested that a lowdose GnRH-a short protocol with high dose hMG pretreated with estrogen & progesterone can improve the ovarian response in poor responder group.
Key Words: IVF, poor responders, GnRH-a, hMG, E-P therapy

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