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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2000;43(2):221-227.
Published online January 1, 2001.
The Efficacy of Laparoscopic Surgery in the Treatment of Endometriosis, especially Deep Endometriosis.
Chan Woo Park, Yang Suh Park
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of deep endomtriosis, we have studied 30 cases of deep endometriosis. Endometriosis is classified into superficial(<1mm), intermediate(2-4mm), deep(>5mm) and very deep(>10mm) endometriosis by the infiltration depth from the peritoneal surface. In the treatment of deep endometriosis, medical hormonal therapy is not effective, so surgical treatment is required. There are many difficulties in surgiacal treatment ; hard lesion to excise, ditsorted pelvic anatomy after excision, easy to damage to ureter and uterine artery, and limitation for potentially morbid procedure to whom wants to conceive. Especially laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of deep endometriosis is very difficult because it is impossible to know the depth by palpation. In deep endometriosis type II, the lesion is concealed due to rectal adhesion to cul de sac, uterosacral ligament and in type III, the lesion is regarded as a small lesion or missed due to invagination into pelvic floor. The authors compared the laparoscopic surgery with laparotomy to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of deep endomtriosis. METHODS: Deep endometriosis, 30 cases out of 102 cases, which were histologically comfirmed as endometriosis were studied. The authors compared the laparoscopic surgery(15 cases) with laparotomy(15 cases) in the surgical treatment of deep endometriosis for operation procedure, operation time, hospital stay and symptoms improvement. RESULTS: The mean operation time of laparoscopic surgeries in deep endometriosis was 178.7(+/-43.1)min while type I, II and III in deep endometriosis took 148.5(+/-21.2)min, 162.0(+/-30.7)min and 245.0(+/-36.1)min respectively and took a little more time than laparotomy. Mean hospital stay in laparoscopic surgeries was 5.7(+/-1.8)days and laparotomy took 10.0(+/-2.3)days that was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: If patients are chosen adequately and operator's skills are satisfactory, laparoscopic surgery is very valuable in the treatment of deep endometriosis. More datas will be required to confirm the efficacy.
Key Words: Deep endometriosis, Laparoscopic surgery


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