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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2000;43(4):616-624.
Published online January 1, 2001.
A Clinical Study of Unruptured Ectopic Pregnancies with the Treatment of Systemic or Local Methotrexate Injecton.
Hyun Haing Lee, Yong Sung Choi, Suk Kyung Kim, Eun Hye Lee, Yu Seon Min, Sang Hee Lee, Yoo Mee Lee, Hyeon Chul Kim, Tae Won Sunwoo, Chan Lee, Sung Woon Chang, Sun Hee Cha, Jin Ho Cho
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate safety and efficacy of systemic or local methotrexate(MTX) injection to patients with unruptured ectopic pregnancy METHODS: From October 1995 to October 1999, 35 unruptured ectopic pregnancies were eligible for the conservative management. 25 tubal pregnancies, 4 cervical pregnancies, 4 pregnancies of previous cesarean section scar, and 2 cornual pregnancies diagnosed by ultrasonography & serumbeta-hCG were evaluated. Patients were treated with one of following three protocols : (1) A single-dose of 50mg/m2 of intramuscullar(IM) MTX(7 cases) (2) Two to four doses of 1.0mg/kg of IM MTX with citrovorum rescue(20 cases) (3) Transvaginal ultrasonogram-guided intra-amniotic instillation of 50mg methotrexate (8 cases) The mean age of these patients was 30.8 yrs (range 24-42) and gestational age at diagnosis ranged from 22-75 days (mean 47). Initial level of serumbeta-hCG ranged from 166.4-55363.8 mIU/mL (mean 9069.2). Patients were monitored with serumbeta-hCG titers three times per week ,and then weekly until the serumbeta-hCG level was less then 10 mIU/mL. RESULT: 31 of 35 patients (88.6%) were successfully treated and remaining 4 patients failed conservative therapy and so required surgery. Mean duration of resolution was 38.5 days (range 11-105). Side effect rate was 45.7% but severity of symptoms were so mild that no treatment was needed in most cases. CONCLUSION: Nonsurgical conservative management of MTX appears to be effective and safe treatment modality for some selected unruptured ectopic pregnancy. But further comparative studies and long-term follow-up are needed to evaluate reproductive outcome and reduce side effects of MTX.
Key Words: Methotrexate, unruptured ectopic pregnancy


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