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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2000;43(4):715-720.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Diagnostic Significance of Serum Tumor Markers in Paitents with Ovarian Tumors.
Kwang Sik Shin, Seok Mo Kim, Ho Sun Choi, Ji Soo Byun
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
This study was designed to evaluate the efficiency of tumor markers level for early diagnosis of ovarian malignancy and for differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined preoperative serum tumor markers level in patients who were going to have an operation due to ovarian tumor in OB & GY Dept. of Chonnam University Hospital from April 1993 to September 1999. RESULTS: 1) The average values of serum tumor markers in patients with malingnant ovarian tumors were statistically higher than those of benign ovarian tumors. among malignant ovarian tumors, positive rate of all serum tumor markers was highest in epithelial ovarian carcinoma group. and among ovarian tumor markers, and positive rate of CA 125 was highest in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. 2) Dermoid cyst and endometioma were correlated to CA 19-9, CA 125 levels respectively. for malignant tumors, mucinous ovarian adenocarcinoma and non-mucinous ovarian adenocarcinoma were CA 19-9, CA 125 levels respectively. 3) Among ovarian tumor markers, CA 125 was the most in sensitivity and CA 72-4 was the most in specificity and diagnostic efficiency. 4) For postmenopausal women with ovarian tumors, elevated levels of at least one of the 4 tumor markers were present in the serum in 85.7% of the women who developed cancer, 62.5% of women with borderline, 27.8% of women with benign ovarian tumors. Conclusion; It is suggested that determination of serum tumor markers in patient suspected of ovarian tumor may be helpful to clinician for early diagnosis, differentiation between malignant and benign ovarian tumors.
Key Words: Tumor Markers, Ovarian Tumors


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