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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2001;44(8):1442-1449.
Published online August 1, 2001.
Influence of prostaglandin E2 and prostacyclin on vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor expression in cultured human trophoblast.
Sung Rae Roh, Dong Joo Kim, Hyun Young Ahn, Mi Ji Kang, Bang Hyun Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Min Jeong Oh, Jong Chul Shin, Soo Pyung Kim
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Catholic University Medical Collage.
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Cheil Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Sungkyunkwan Universtiy, School of Medicine, Seoul Korea.
Abstract
BACKGRUOND: Several angiogenic factors such as bFGF and VEGF have been shown angiogenesis of placenta. PGE2 and PGI2 may be important in successful establishment of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We studied to investigate whether PGE2 and PGI2 regulate expression of VEGF and bFGF gene in the cultured human trophoblast cells. METHODS: Human trophoblasts were isolated from the placenta of early gestation (6-12 weeks). Isolated trophoblasts were cultured in the different concentration of PGE2 and PGI2 and according to the different cultured time of PGE2 and PGI2, respectively. Total RNA was extracted and RT-PCR was performed. RESULT: Expression of bFGF was increased in 10-7M and 10-6M of PGE2 and was always increased in the all different concentration of PGI2. Four isoforms (VEGF121, VEGF165, VEGF189, VEGF206) were always expressed in the all different PGE2 and PGI2 concentration compared to the control group. However, there was no significant difference in the all different PGE2 and PGI2 concentration. In both PGE2 and PGI2 treatment group, expression of bFGF was decreased at 60 min compared to the control group and was gradually increased in time-dependent pattern. At 180 min, its expression was similar to the control group. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the expression of bFGF gene is influenced by cultured time and concentration of PGE2 and PGI2, although the expression of VEGF gene is not influenced.
Key Words: cultured human trophoblast, VEGF, bFGF, PGE2, PGI2


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