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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2001;44(8):1478-1482.
Published online August 1, 2001.
Comparison of Intravaginal Misoprostol and Cervical Laminaria Tent Insertion in Endometrial Curettage due to Abnormal Uterine Bleeding.
Dong Ook Lee, Hyung Yong Keum, Jong Chul Kim, Yoon Hyuk Lee, Woo Chuel Jung, Sung Won Lee, Yong Cho, Eu Sun Ro
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Colloge of Medicine, Hallym University, Chunchon, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To compare cervical dilatation efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol with that of cervical laminaria tent insertion in endometrial curettage due to abnormal uterine bleeding METHOD: Patients requesting endometrial curettage due to abnormal uterine bleeding were randomized into two group. In group I (n=53), 100 g tablet of misoprostol was placed in the posterior vaginal fornix at midnight. In Group II (n=54), laminaria tent number 5 was inserted in cervical canal at midnight. Endometrial curettage was performed on the next morning. The degrees of cervical dilatation were measured by Hegar dilator just before endometrial curettage. Both groups were compared about cervical dilatation efficacy and side effect. RESULT: The degrees of cervical dilatation were 8.8+/-1.1 mm in group I and 9.3+/-1.9 mm in group II. There was no significant statistical difference. (P=0.134) The mean intervals from the use of misoprostol or laminaria to endometrial curettage were 704+/-140 minutes in group I and 829+/-156 in group II. In group I, mild fever (less than 38 degrees) was observed in four women and one complained mild abdominal pain. In group II, five women revealed mild fever and fifty women complained abdominal discomfort. All didn't need any medication or special therapy. CONCLUSION: Intravaginal misoprostol was appeared as efficacious as laminaria tent in cervical dilatatory effect before endometrial curettage in abnormal uterine bleeding patients. It was considered more convenient, safer and more cost effective method compared than cervical laminaria tent in cervical preparation before endometrial curettage.
Key Words: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Misoprostol, Laminaria


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