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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2001;44(9):1657-1663.
Published online September 1, 2001.
Change of blood gas and hemodynamics in the fetal goat undergoing ECMO through umbilical artery and vein.
Chang hun Song, Geum young So, Kook hyun Lee, Sok cheon Pak
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Seoul University.
2Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Seoul University.
3Department of Physiology, Dongshin University.
4College of Oriental Medicine, Dongshin University.
The purpose of this study is to establish animal model of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) system that uses membreane type oxygenator and circulation circuit of umbilical artery and vein. Blood gas and hemodynamic changes in the fetal goat undergoing ECMO were also evaluated. METHODS: Total 15 pregnant goat had been used to perform extrauterine fetal incubation using ECMO through umbilical artery and vein. Cesarean-section was performed to pregnant goat (35 kg) of 120-130 days of gestation to insert catheters (8 Fr) into the umbilical artery and vein. The tip of inserted catheter's the other end was connected with the circuit system including membrane type oxygenator (Polystan) and roller pump. A total of 300 ml of blood was drawn from donor nonpregnant goat and primed into circuit on the day of surgery. The goat fetus was immersed in a chamber filled with artificial amniotic fluid to monitor blood flow dynamics and blood gas was analyzed. RESULTS: The ECMO system using umbilical cord in the extrauterine incubation of fetal goat was developed and maximum survival of goat fetus was 34.5 hrs (mean survival was 856.6+/-688 min). Oxygen tension (PO2) in umbilical artery and vein were 20.53+/-2.54 mmHg, 31.03+/-13.03 mmHg and oxygen saturation (SO2) in umbilical artery and vein were 46.61+/-18.14 mmHg, 71.56+/-15.39 mmHg. Mean blood flow was 176+/-62 ml/min/kg. CONCLUSION: We suggest that our experimental model as an extrauterine fetal research could be a reasonable method in future advanced studies. However, longterm survival of extrauterine fetus needs more suitable hemodynamic and blood gas condition supported by further researches.
Key Words: ECMO, Extrauterine fetal incubation, Fetal goat, Umbilical artery and vein
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