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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2001;44(11):2047-2053.
Published online November 1, 2001.
The clinical efficacy of pelviscopic classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy.
Kue Hyun Kang, Woo Seok Lee, Seong Jun Yoon, Sang Hoon Lee, Min Hur, Do Hwan Bae, Hyoung Moo Park, Dong Ho Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of pelviscopic classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy (CISH) & compare it with total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH). METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively, the clinical data of 1126 patients admitted from January 1993 to December 1998, at 11 university or general hospitals in Korea, for CISH group and 363 patients admitted from January 1993 to December 1998, at Chung-Ang university hospitals, Seoul, Korea, for TAH group. These patients were operated on with the indication of benign uterine disease without cervical malignant lesion. The patients with malignant cervical lesion were excluded in this study. RESULTS: (1) The average age of CISH group was 42.2 (range 24-63) years old and TAH group was 46 (range 31-54) years old. (2) The mean operative time was 150.7+/-49.9 (mean+/-SD, range 55-395) minutes in CISH group and 133.8+/-35 (mean+/-SD, range 65-350) minutes in TAH group. The mean estimated blood loss was 206+/-183.6 (mean+/-SD, range 20-2000) ml in CISH group and 596+/-452.3 (mean+/-SD, range 100-6500) ml in TAH group. The mean hemoglobin change was 1.52+/-0.98 (mean+/-SD, range 0-7) g/dL in CISH group and 3.03+/-1.47 (mean+/-SD, range 0.2-8.4) g/dL in TAH group. The mean time in hospital was 6.3+/-1.43 (mean+/-SD, range 3-18) days in CISH group and 11.0+/-4.08 (mean+/-SD, range 7-37) days in TAH group. (3) Overall complications occured at 5.3% in CISH group and 9.1% in TAH group. (4) Pathologic findings of cervix were benign in 1121 patients (99.6%) and severe dysplasia or carcinoma in situ in 5 patients (0.4%) among CISH groups. In TAH groups, 351 patients (96.7%) had benign cervical lesion and 12 patients (3.3%) had more than oderate dysplasia or carcinoma in situ. In both groups, no invasive cervical cancer was found and the transformation zone of the cervix was included within the resection margin of the cervix in all cases. CONCLUSION: The pelviscopic CISH group has less operative blood loss, less postoperative hemoglobin change, shorter hospital stay and less operative complication than TAH group. Pelviscopic CISH is truly a minimally invasive and organ-preserving surgery and coring out the cervix with the calibrated uterine resection tool may prevent the development of cervical cancer. Therefore, we believe that pelviscopic CISH is preferred in cases of benign uterine diseases, because it lowers operative complications and it may have several benefits compared with total hysterectomy, especially, in women with no pathologic lesion of the cervix.
Key Words: CISH, TAH


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