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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2002;45(4):617-622.
Published online April 1, 2002.
Laparoscopic management of ovarian pathologic lesions.
Yun Kyoung Lim, Young Ah Kim, Mi Yeong Jo, Sang Tae Ahn, Mi Ran Kim, Kyung Joo Hwang, Hee Sug Ryu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To assess the advantages, disadvantages, applicability, and complications of operative laparoscopy in ovarian pathologic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series which compares 354 patients who had laparoscopic surgery at Ajou University Hospital from June, 1994 to September, 2001 for ovarian pathology. RESULTS: The patient's ages ranged from 13 to 77 years, and their mean age was 30.9 years. Most of the lesions were less than 7 cm in size and unilateral. The operations performed were cystectomy in 225 cases (63.6%), salpingooophorectomy, oophorectomy, salpingectomy and fenestration or biopsy in order. Operative times were between 10 and 240 minutes (mean: 74.2 minutes). Pathologic examinations of unilateral ovarian tumors were performed in 305 cases. The most common pathology of unilateral ovarian tumor was teratoma (107/305, 35.1%), endometrioma and cystadenoma in order. Malignancies were found in 4 cases including borderline malignancy (1.3%). Pathologies of bilateral ovarian tumor were endometrioma (31/41, 75.6%), teratoma, and fibroma in order. Postoperative hospital stays were from 0 days to 19 days (mean: 2.5 days). There were 7 surgical complications including 3 vessel injury related hematomas, 1 abscess formation, and 3 exploratory laparotomy. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that operative laparoscopy was useful in surgery of ovarian lesions, if there are carefully selected patients, standard procedures, and skilled laparoscopic surgeons.
Key Words: Laparoscopy, Ovarian Pathology


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