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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2002;45(7):1186-1190.
Published online July 1, 2002.
Prevalence of Osteoporosis of Korean Women based on Bone Mineral Density of the radius and effect of menopause on osteoporosis.
Hae Nam Lee, Yong Mun Park, Mi Kyoung Jang, Yong Jin Byeon
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Local Corporation ChungJu Medical Center, Chungju, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To determine the prevalence of osteoporosis based on the measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) and to examine the effect of menopausal status on BMD in Korean women. METHODS: Ultra-distal and distal radius BMD was measured by dual energy X ray absorptiometry (osteoplan p-DXA) in 296 women. The result was analysed, retrospectively. We diagnosed osteopenia and osteoporosis according to the WHO criteria. RESULTS: The ultra-distal and distal radius BMD and T score decreased significantly with increase of age. Of women in their thirties, the prevalence of ultra-distal and distal radial osteoporosis were 0%, 6.2%, and in their forties, they were 7.6%, 3.4% and in their fifties, they were 26.6%, 27.9% and of women in their sixties, they were 81.7%, 87.8%. Of women in their forties and fifties, premenopausal women had a higher BMD result than postmenopausal women in the same age group. Of premenopausal women in their forties, the prevalence of osteoporosis were 4.6%, 2.3% and of postmenopausal women in that age, they were 15.6%, 6.3%. Of premenopausal women in their fifties, the prevalence of osteoporosis were 8.3%, 8.3% and of postmenopausal women in that age, they were 29.9%, 31.3%. CONCLUSION: With increasing age, the prevalence of osteoporosis increased and the BMD decreased. In the postmenopausal state, this difference became larger.
Key Words: Osteoporosis, bone mineral density, menopause


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