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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(1):94-104.
Published online January 1, 2003.
Correlation analysis of Each Variable of Fetal Heart rate in Pregnancy induced hypertension and Intrauterine fetal growth restriction.
Sang Soon Yoon, Seong Hee Kim, Myung Hee Joo, Kyung Mee Chung, Jeong Hyae Hwang, Sung Ro Chung, Hyung Moon, Kyung Joon Cha, Young Sun Park, Moon Il Park
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
2Laboratory of Statisical Data Analysis, Department of Mathematics College of National Science, Hanyang University, Korea.
We aim to analyze each variable of FHR in high risk pregnancies, namely intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) including chronic hypertensive vascular disease (CHVD), mild and severe preeclampsia to build an objective decision basis using correlation analysis. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups (500 normal pregnancies and 500 high risk pregnancies related to IUGR, CHVD, mild and severe preeclampsia), and then subdivided into intrauterine pregnancy before 24 weeks, 25-39 weeks, and after 40 weeks. We compared the canonical correlation between each group using variables of FHR after nonstress test (NST). RESULTS: In high risk pregnancies, the linearity was 0.6-0.8 in intrauterine pregnancy before 24 weeks, 0.53-0.68 in 25-29 weeks, 0.50-0.60 in 30-34 weeks, 0.38-0.45 in 35-39 weeks and 0.42-0.55 in after 40 weeks. In normal pregnancies, the linearity was 0.44-0.52 in intrauterine pregnancy before 24 weeks, 0.38-0.45 in 25- 39 weeks which was stable, and there was no specific change in after 40 weeks. Before 32 weeks, canonical variates of FHR_D and FHR_I revealed highest (0.36, 0.47 respectively) in high risk pregnancy and fetal movement and signal loss was the most valuable factors in normal pregnancy. In between 33 to 37 weeks, fetal movement (0.40) and signal loss (0.48) were related most closely in high risk pregnancies and 0.34 and 0.49 respectively in normal pregnancies which show similar pattern. In contrast, FHR_D was most highly related to the duration of pregnancy and FHR_I to fetal movement (0.38) in high risk pregnancy. In normal pregnancies, fetal movement (0.40) and signal loss (0.52) showed the highest linearity. CONCLUSION: The pregnancy with intrauterine growth restriction and pregnancy induced hypertension has more linear relation and less complexity in each variable of FHR than the normal pregnancy group. The formal, functional underdevelopment of fetus may results in the increasement of the linear depedent relation in each variable of FHR in these type of high risk pregnancies.
Key Words: Pregnancy induced hypertension, Intrauterine growth restriction, Nonstress test, Computerized FHR analysis, Canonical Correlation Anaysis

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