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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(1):105-112.
Published online January 1, 2003.
Clinical Trial of Vaginal Approach in Gynecologic Pelvic Surgery.
Tae Jung Kim, Hyun Jung Im, San Kim, Sei Jun Han
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To analyse the clinical aspects of vaginal approach for gynecologic pelvic surgery, we evaluated age distribution, parity, indications for hysterectomy, postoperative pathology, operating time, bleeding amount, weight of uterus, postoperative complications. resected uterus weight, operating time and bleeding amount based on operative procedure type. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of the 136 patients who underwent vaginal approach for gynecologic pelvic surgery for the indications other than uterine prolapse from Jan. 1998 to April. 1998, and from July. 1999 to Sep. 2001 at Chosun University Hospital. RESULTS: We performed 136 cases of vaginal approach for gynecologic pelvic surgery. We performed 132 cases of total vaginal hysterectomy, 4 cases of transvaginal ovarian cystectomy, a high increased rate of vaginal approach for gynecologic pelvic surgery significantly. The most common indication for vaginal approach for gynecologic pelvic surgery was uterine leiomyoma (63.2%), followed by HSIL, adenomyosis, MIC of the cervix, and ovarian cyst. The operating time was within 90 min in almost cases (47.1%). The most common postoperaive pathologic finding was uterine leiomyoma (47.1%), followed by adenomyosis, uterine leiomyoma with adenomyosis, MIC of the cervix, HSIL, LSIL, ovarian serouscys- tadenoma, and endometrioma. There were 4 cases (2.9%) of cuff cellulitis, 2 cases of pelvic cellulitis (1.5%), 3 cases of hematoma formation (2.2%), 1 case of laparatomy (0.7%) as postoperative complications. etc. CONCLUSION: Vaginal approach for hysterectomy and ovarian cystectomy is a safe method for removing uterus even in the absence of prolapse. Recently it's indication is widened to the patient who has larger uterus and history of previous pelvic surgery. Because of it's advantage, Vaginal approach for hysterectomy and ovarian cystectomy would be the preferred method of gynecologic pelvic surgery in the future.
Key Words: Abdominal Hysterectomy, Vaginal hysterectomy, Vaginal ovarian cystectomy


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