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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(3):617-623.
Published online March 1, 2003.
Influence of Hypoxia on Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in Cultured Human Trophoblast.
Young Lee, Jong Chul Shin, Dong Eun Yang, Hee Bong Moon, Gui Sera Lee, Sa Jin Kim, Jong Seung Lee, Chang Ee Kim, Soo Pyung Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate whether the hypoxic condition influences on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) mRNA in the cultured human trophoblast. METHODS: Trophoblasts were isolated from the normal placenta in early pregnancy (6-10 weeks in gestation). Isolated trophoblasts were cultured under normoxic (5% CO2, 95% humid air in incubator) and hypoxic (MERCK, 1% O2, 99% CO2) conditions for 24, 48 and 72 hours, respectively. Total RNA was extracted from the cultured trophoblasts in each culture condition. The expressions of VEGF and bFGF mRNA were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Northern blot analysis. RESULTS: The expression of VEGF189 mRNA was significantly increased in the hypoxic condition compared to the normoxic condition and control after 24 hours (p<0.05, p<0.05, respectively). The expression of VEGF206 mRNA was also significantly increased in the hypoxic condition compared to the normoxic condition and control after 48 hours (p<0.05, p<0.05, respectively). However, there was no significant difference between the normoxic and hypoxic conditions in the expression of VEGF121 and VEGF165 mRNA. The expression of bFGF mRNA was significantly increased in the hypoxic condition compared to the normoxic condition and control at 24 hours and 48 hours (p<0.05, p<0.05, respectively). bFGF mRNA was more expressed than VEGF mRNA in the hypoxic condition. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the hypoxic condition may stimulates the expression of bFGF and VEGF mRNA, and besides bFGF may be a more potent inducer of angiogenesis rather than VEGF in early human gestation.
Key Words: VEGF, bFGF, Cultured human trophoblast, Hypoxic condition


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