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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(6):1110-1115.
Published online June 1, 2003.
Expression of MAGE in Ovarian Tumor.
Chun June Lee, Young Il Nam, Ja Young Seo, In Cheol Lee, Young Hwan Kim, Won Gyu Kim, Heung Yeol Kim, Sung Han Kim, Eun Dong Park, Young Ok Kim, Hee Kyung Chang
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Anatomical Pathology, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, Korea.
Chemotherapy of ovarian cancer has a main role in the post-surgical treatment of ovarian cancer. However, relapsing patients are usually resistant to an additional chemotherapy. The development of immunotherapy is therefore needed to offer other preventive treatment modalities of ovarian cancer. MAGE encoding tumor-rejection antigens recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes are expressed at the mRNA level in various malignant tumors. We investigated the possibility of immunotherapy of ovarian cancer of MAGE expression. METHODS: To explore this possibility in ovarian tumors, we investigated the expression of MAGE 1-6 in 44 surgical samples of neoplastic and non-neoplastic tissues from ovaries using a MAGE 1-6 common primer by the nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (nested RT-PCR) and DNA sequencing after subcloning of PCR products. The material consisted of 5 cases of normal ovaries, 6 cases of non- neoplastic diseases (3 follicular cysts, 2 endometrioses, and 1 tuboovarian abscess), and 8 cases of benign serous, 4 cases of mucinous cystic tumor, 9 teratomas, and 4 cases of malignant serous tumor, 1 case of mucinous tumor, 2 cases of undifferentiated carcinoma, 2 borderline serous and 3 mucinous tumor. RESULTS: MAGE were expressed in 23% of benign ovarian tumors (5/21 cases). In contrast, no expression of these genes was observed in any of the 11 samples of normal and non-neoplastic ovarian tissues. All (92%) malignant tumors except one case of borderline malignant mucinous tumor showed MAGE 1-6 m RNA expression (P<0.05). The isotype of MAGE were confirmed in 5 cases for MAGE-3 (31.2%), 4 cases of MAGE-4 (25%), 2 cases of MAGE A1 (12.5%) and A 4b (12.5%), and one case of MAGE A2, 4a, combined A3 and A6, and A4 and 4b. CONCLUSION: We concluded that the expression of MAGE could be used as a target for tumor specific immunotherapy in ovarian cancer expressing MAGE.
Key Words: Ovarian cancer, MAGE, Immunotherapy

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