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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(10):1957-1964.
Published online October 1, 2003.
Statistical Analysis of Twin Pregnancy for 10 Years (1993~2002).
Gyu Rak Lee, Keon Ho Park, Jin Sil Park, Won Moo Lee, Ji Young Cha, Hyun Hee Kim, Moon Il Park, Soo Hyun Cho, Sung Ro Chung
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine Hanyang University, Korea.
Our purpose was to evaluate the clinical aspects of twin pregnancy and its outcome. METHODS: From January 1993 to December 2002, we reviewed the medical records of 249 cases of twin birth at least weighed 500 g or more and over 20 weeks of gestation among 14,273 deliveries at Hanyang University Hospital. Paired sample t test and linear regression test were used for statistical analysis. p<0.05 was defined significantly. RESULTS: The incidence of twin births was one in 59.6 birth, and the annual rate of twin births has increased since last 10 years (p<0.05). The predominant age group was 25-29 (47.0%) and mean age was 29.8 +/- 3.9 years old. According to parity, primipara (63.9%) was the most frequent. The predominant gestational age of twin births was 37-38 weeks (42.2%) and mean gestational weeks of twin births was 36.3 +/- 2.9 weeks. The ratio of spontaneous and iatrogenic twinning were 73.1% vs 26.9%. The cephalic-cephalic combination (49.8%) was the predominant presentation. The most common mode of twin delivery was cesarean section (76.5%) and its main indication was "elective" (33.5%). The mean interval between 1st and 2nd baby deliveries among normal spontaneous vaginal delivery was 6 minute 28 seconds. Both male group (43.0%) was predominant. The mean birth weights of 1st and 2nd baby were 2341 +/- 592 grams and 2200 +/- 594 grams respectively. No significant differences were seen in one minute and five minute Apgar scores between 1st and 2nd baby. The most common type of placental membrane was single placenta, two chorion, two amnion (40.6%). The most frequent maternal complication during pregnancy was anemia (41.8%), followed by preterm labor (39.0%) and preeclampsia (20.9%). The perinatal mortality rate was 50 per 1000 newborns and 2 cases (0.8%) of maternal death were encountered. The risk of intrauterine fetal death and abortion was 2.4% and 0.8% respectively. CONCLUSION: Recently, although the incidence of twin pregnancy has been increased, it has greater risks of obstetrical complications and higher perinatal mortality than singleton pregnancy. Therefore, further prospective studies of twin pregnancy are needed for counselling and effective management about perinatal prognosis.
Key Words: Twin pregnancy, Statistical analysis

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