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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(11):2239-2243.
Published online November 1, 2003.
Hysteroscopic Findings in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding.
Hee Taek Lim, Min Chang Kang, Hyuk Kung
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chosun University School of Medicine,Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Abnormal uterine bleeding is the most common disorder of gynecologic department. Organic causes of abnormal uterine bleednig are chronic cervicitis, submucosal myoma, endometrial polyp, endometrial malignancy. To find the exact cause of uterine bleeding, hysteroscopic endometrial biopsy was used. METHODS: 214 patients were included in the study, who received hysteroscopic endometrial biopsy from Feb. 2000 to Dec. 2002 with abnormal uterine bleeding, negative in urine pregnancy test, normal in cervix cytology, and without organic lesion causing uterine bleeding in pelvic examination and ultrasonography. Age, parity, hysteroscopic biopsy result were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Mean age of study group was 42 and mean parity was 2.75. When final hysteroscopic biopsy histology were analysed, proliferative phase was most common (28.9%). Next followed secretory phase (18.2%), simple hyperplasia (13.5%), endometrial polyp (9.8%), chronic endocervicitis (5.1%). Submucosal myoma (4.2%), endometrial cancer (4.2%). Complex hyperplasia were detected in 3.2%. Of 214 patients, who complained uterine bleeding, only 99 (47.1%) patients were proved true non- organic uterine bleeding on hysteroscopic biopsy. Remainder had organic disorder (39.8%). CONCLUSION: When a patient visits the hospital with abnormal uterine bleeding, doctor should be suspicious of endometrial organic disease and treat the patient under exact diagnosis. In these patients, hysteroscopic examination and biopsy were very useful and safe method to determine exact diagnosis and treatment plan.
Key Words: Abnormal uterine bleeding, Hysteroscopy, Endometrial organic disease


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