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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004;47(3):515-522.
Published online March 1, 2004.
Expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor mRNA in Eutopic and Ectopic Endometrial Tissues of Patients with Endometriosis.
Jeong Yeol Park, Chung Hoon Kim, Seok Ho Hong, Young Jin Lee, Seong Wha Hong, Hye Eun Kwon, Sung Hoon Kim, Hee Dong Chae, Byung Moon Kang
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
To Investigate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1, -2, and -3 (VEGFR-1, -2, and -3) mRNA in the eutopic and ectopic tissues in women with endometriosis. METHODS: At the time of laparoscopy or laparotomy for endometriosis, infertility or other benign gynecologic conditions, a biopsy specimen was taken from the endometrial cavity and a peritoneal endometriotic implant simultaneously whenever appropriate. For control samples, endometrial tissues were obtained from women without visual evidence of endomtriosis. We employed real time quantitative RT-PCR to quantify VEGFR gene expression of these tissues. Comparisions between each group were made using ANOVA (analysis of variance) and Kruskal-Wallis test and statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. RESULTS: The expression of VEGFR-1, -2, and, -3 mRNA was significantly higher in both eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues of women with endometriosis than in control endometrial tissues during both proliferative and mid-secretory phase. In ectopic endometrial tissue, VEGFR-1 mRNA expression was significantly increased during the mid-secretory phase compared to the proliferative phase. There was a marked increase especially in VEGFR-3 mRNA expression in ectopic endometriotic lesions during the proliferative phase but its expression decreased during the mid-secretory phase. CONCLUSION: mRNA for VEGFR-1, -2, and -3 in an endometriotic lesions might be differentially expressed and their expression appears to be associated with the development of endometriosis.
Key Words: Endometriosis, Angiogenesis, VEGF, VEGFR

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