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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004;47(4):729-738.
Published online April 1, 2004.
Clinical Characteristics of 2070 Korean Women Who Visited the Adolescent Gynecology Clinic.
Chel Hun Choi, You Young Lee, Sook Young Yang, Byung Koo Yoon, Duk Soo Bae, Doo Seok Choi
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To analyze the clinical characteristics of Korean pediatric, adolescent and premarital women who visited the Adolescent Gynecology Clinic at Samsung Medical Center. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on the 2070 women visiting the Adolescent Gynecology Clinic at Samsung Medical Center from Feb. 1995 to Sep. 2003. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to patients' age; group I (~9 years, 258 patients), group II (10-20 years, 911 patients), group III (21-30 years, 901 patients). Clinical characteristics were analyzed by chart review and compared among three groups. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 18.4 +/- 6.9 years (mean SD) and the mean age at menarche was 13.4 +/- 1.5 years. The most common disease entity and disorder according to age groups were infectious disease and vaginitis in group I, menstruation associated problems and abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in group II, and menstruation associated problems and amenorrhea in group III. Among gynecologic problems, AUB was cited as the most common problem for the patients visiting the Adolescent Gynecology Clinic (425 cases, 20.5%), followed by amenorrhea (393 patients, 19.0%). 51.0% of primary amenorrhea had a congenital defects. Among the patients with pelvic tumor (293 patients), 85.3% was due to ovarian tumor, and 166 patients (66.4%) with ovarian tumor underwent operation. The most common pathologic diagnosis for ovarian tumor was endometrioma (60 cases, 36.1%). In primary dysmenorrhea (214 patients, 76.2% of total dysmenorrhea), treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) resulted in symptomatic improvement in 82.6% of the patients. The most common infectious disease was vaginitis and the most commonly isolated organisms varied according to age group (group I, II: E. coli, group III: Candida albicans). CONCLUSION: The most common gynecologic problem in korean pediatric, adolescent and premarital women is menstruation related disorders, presenting in 58.8% of patients visiting the Adolescent Gynecology Clinic.
Key Words: Clinical characteristics, Adolescent gynecology clinic, Pediatric-adolescent-premarital women


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