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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004;47(7):1309-1316.
Published online July 1, 2004.
Prognostic Value of Nuclear DNA Quantification and Cyclin A in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.
Chong Seung Lee, Nam Hoon Cho, Young Tae Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Jong Hwan Roh, Jae Wook Kim
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction (SPF), expression of cyclin A and clinical prognostic factors including stage, grade, CA-125 and residual tumor size in epithelial ovarian cancer, and to evaluate the association between DNA ploidy, SPF, expression of cyclin A and 3-year survival. METHODS: Study group consisted of 31 cases of epithelial ovarian cancer, 10 of borderline ovarian tumor and 5 of benign ovarian tumor diagnosed at the department of Obstet. and Gynecol. in Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea from Feb. 2000 to Jan. 2003. All patients underwent staging-laparotomy and postoperative chemotherapy. The level of CA-125 was assessed after 6th postoperative chemotherapy with cut-off value of 35 U/mL. DNA ploidy and SPF were evaluated by flow-cytometry of fresh ovarian tissue obtained at the operative field. The expression of cyclin A was evaluated by immuno-histochemical stain. Expression of 5% was considered as positive. Statistical analysis was done by two-sample t-test, chi-square test, and Kaplan-Meier survival curve using SPSS ver 11.0 software. RESULTS: In 46 ovarian tumors aneuploidy, SPF and expression of cyclin A were significantly higher in epithelial ovarian cancer as compared with benign and borderline tumors (p=0.004, 0.001, 0.001, respectively). Number of aneuploidy, SPF and expression of cyclin A were significantly higher in patients with higher grade, more advanced stage, higher level of CA-125 (more than 35 U/mL) and more than 2 cm of residual tumor size (p=0.004, 0.009, 0.05, 0.002 in aneuploidy; p=0.06, 0.01, 0.04, 0.007 in SPF; p=0.03, 0.004, 0.06, 0.02 in cyclin A). Aneuploidy and expressions of more than 10% of SPF and cyclin A were also associated with poorer overall survival (p=0.02, 0.02, <0.0001, respectively). Significantly positive correlations were observed among these factors. CONCLUSION: Number of aneuploidy, percentage of SPF and expression of cyclin A were higher in more advanced stage, higher grade, higher CA-125 and more than 2 cm of residual tumor size and associated with poorer overall survival. Thus DNA flow-cytometry and estimation of expression of cyclin A may provide major information about prognosis of disease in epithelial ovarian cancer patients.
Key Words: Flow-cytometry, DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction, Cyclin A


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