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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004;47(8):1518-1524.
Published online August 1, 2004.
Comparison of Hospital stay and Cost-effectiveness between Treatment Modalities in Ectopic Pregnancy.
Chung Hee Han, Mi Jin Ahn, An Na Nam, Ji Young Lee, Dong Ki Jeoung, Dong Keum Song, Byung Woo Jang, Kyong Jin Kim, Sung Ki Lee
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to compare the hospital stay and cost-effectiveness between treatment modalities in ectopic pregnancy for proper management. METHODS: In this study, the authors studied 121 cases retrospectively who had been admitted and treated at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Konyang University Hospital from February 1, 2000 to August 31, 2003. We analyzed clinical features, treatment modality, hospital stay and cost-effectiveness between each groups. One-way ANOVA test was used and p<0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: There was no difference in clinical features between treatment modalites. Of total 121 cases, operative procedures were done in 105 cases (explo-laparotomy in 58, laparoscopy in 43, dilatation and curettage in 4) and medical treatment in 16 cases (Multiple dose methotrexate protocol in 11, Single dose methotrexate protocol in 5). Average of length of hospital stay was 5.3 +/- 0.2 days in explo-laparotomy, 3.8 +/- 0.2 days in laparoscopy, 2.8 +/- 1.4 days in dilatation and curettage, 6.5 +/- 0.5 days in multiple dose methotrexate protocol, 2.4 +/- 0.4 days in single dose methotrexate protocol. According to treatment modality, there was significant difference in total cost and cost sharing. Total cost in explo-laparotomy (875,324 +/- 25,977 Won) was more expensive than that of laparoscopy (734,375 +/- 35,179 Won). But, cost sharing in explo-laparotomy (156,543 +/- 9,583 Won) was less expensive than laparoscopy (319,493 +/- 26,255 Won). Total cost and cost sharing in multiple dose methotrexate protocol (323,231 +/- 33,972 Won, 184,465 +/- 17,344 Won) was more expensive than that of Single methotrexate protocol (192,495 +/- 31,180 Won, 68,793 +/- 13,422 Won). CONCLUSION: Based on these results, it is very important that we should have an interest in ectopic pregnancy for early detection and proper management. Consequently, Achievement of precise decision and successful methotrexate treatment can be possible to decrease hospital stay and cost-effectiveness.
Key Words: Ectopic pregnancy, Treatment modality, Hospital stay, Cost-effectiveness


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