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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004;47(8):1565-1571.
Published online August 1, 2004.
Clinical Evaluation on 154 Cases of Laparoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH).
Hyoung Moon Kim, In Whoan Shin, Seon Woong Yoon, Joong Sub Choi, Kye Hyun Kim, Kyo Won Lee, Sung Do Kim, Jong Sul Han
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center, School of Medicine, University of Sungkyunkwan, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the indications, advantages and complications of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), retrospectively. METHODS: From Mar. 2003 to Feb. 2004, clinical trials of LAVH (n=154) were performed in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center, School of Medicine, University of Sungkyunkwan, Seoul, Korea. Medical records of patients who underwent LAVH were reviewed. The results were evaluated according to characteristics of patients, history of previous abdominal surgery, preoperative surgical indications, postoperative diagnosis, mean operation times, weight of uterus, change of hemoglobin, hospital stay, associated diseases, concomitant procedures and complications. RESULTS: The mean age was 46.09 +/- 6.67 years. The mean parity was 2.08 +/- 0.94. Tubal ligation, vaginal bleeding, leiomyoma was the most common previous abdominal surgery, preoperative surgical indication, and postoperative diagnosis, respectively. The mean operation time was 130.66 +/- 67.68 minutes. The mean uterine weight was 259.27 +/- 123.48 gm. The mean hemoglobin change was 1.61 +/- 1.12 g/dL. The mean hospital stay was 3.44 +/- 1.83 days. The complication rate was 3.2% (5 cases); bladder injury (3 cases) being the most common complication. CONCLUSION: LAVH appears to be beneficial in many aspects. The further development of laparoscopic instruments and skills will reduce limitations and complications of LAVH and will hopefully allow the utilization of this technique to expand to include other clinical indications and concomitant procedures.
Key Words: Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy


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