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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2005;48(3):750-754.
Published online March 1, 2005.
Laparoscopic finding of Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
Dong Gyu Jang, Joo Hyuk Choi, In Yang Park, Sung Jin Hwang, Chan Joo Kim, Chang Yi Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. ooooobbbbb@catholic.ac.kr
To analyze physical, laboratory and laparoscopic findings of suspicious cases of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and compare the group shown positive findings during laparoscopic surgery with that shown negative findings. METHODS: We selected 42 doubtful cases of PID that were treated by diagnostic laparoscopic surgery in St. Paul hospital of Catholic Medical Center from Jan. 2001 to Jun. 2003 and evaluated symptoms, duration of pain, and physical, laboratory, laparoscopic and histological findings. RESULTS: Of the 42 patients, we classified 22 patients shown pelvic inflammatory findings at laparoscopic surgery into the positive group and 20 patients shown non-specific or free-inflammatory findings into negative group. Between two groups, there were no significant differences in ages, parities and histories of PID. Number of intrauterine device (IUD) users was 5 and all of the five patients were positive group though none was belonged to negative group. Mean duration for developing acute pain was much shorter in positive group (3.1 days) than negative group (22.3 days). There were no meaningful differences in rise of body temperature and CRP level, but the degree of leukocytosis was greater in positive group (10,581/mm3) than negative group (7,720/mm3). Ratio of polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes was higher in positive group (73.3%) than in negative group (59.7%) and number of cases those erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) above 30 mm/Hr was larger in positive group (n=17) than in negative group (n=10). CONCLUSION: Of the suspicious cases of PID based on patient's symptoms and physical findings, the rate of the cases shown positive findings in laparoscopic surgery was 52.3%. Distinctive factors between two groups were usage of IUD, urgency of symptom, degree of leukocytosis, increase in ratio of PMN leukocytes and ESR. We suggest the exploration of more sensitive and specific diagnostic tools.
Key Words: Pelvic inflammatory disease, Diagnostic laparoscopy

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