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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2005;48(9):2091-2096.
Published online September 1, 2005.
Study of Obstetric Outcomes in Congenital Uterine Malformations.
Min Joung Kim, Si Yeon Lim, Ye Hoon Choi, Chul Hoon Park, Soo Young Hur, Gui Sera Lee, Eun Joung Kim, Jong Chul Shin, Sa Jin Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea. ksajin@catholic.ac.kr
The purpose of this study was to establish the distribution and obstetric outcomes in women with congenital uterine malformations. METHODS: A review of the medical records from the department of obstetrics and gynecology from January 1995 to June 2004 were diagnosed 79 patients with congenital uterine malformations. All of the cases were divided into groups according to classification of ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine), which is based on the degree of failure of normal development of the female genital tact. The obstetric outcomes were compared between the groups. Statistical processing of the material was carried with Pearson chi square test. RESULTS: 79 patientss with congenital uterine malformations were diagnosed by operation or imaging studies. Symmetric congenital uterine malformations, consisting of bicornuate uterus (45.6%), septate uterus (19.0%), and uterus didelphys (31.6%), were the most common, constituting 96.2% of the malformations. Two patients (2.5%) had unicornuate uterus and one patient (1.3%) had arcuate uterus. No cases of the agenesis type and T-shaped uteri were found. 196 pregnancies occurred in the 74 patients. Only 43.4% of the pregnancies reached term, while 8.2% resulted in preterm delivery, and 48.4% terminated as miscarriages. CONCLUSION: Obstetric complications occur more frequently among women with congenital uterine malformations than among women in general. Knowledge concerning of congenital uterine malformations is important in recognizing and managing the obstetric complications that may result.
Key Words: Congenital uterine malformations, Obstetric outcome

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