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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2005;48(9):2181-2189.
Published online September 1, 2005.
Effects of Metformin in Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) undergoing In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer.
Kyung Jin Hwang, Ho Sun Chang, Ho Jin Choi, Pil Je Cho, Mi Ryung Kim, Hyuk Lee
Deparment of Obstetrics and Gynecology Grace Women's Hospital, Koyang, Korea. ilgrace@naver.com
This study was performed to investigate the effects of metformin in PCOS patients undergoing IVF-ET. METHODS: From January 2002 to December 2004, 87 cycles in 32 PCOS patients undergoing IVF-ET at the Infertility clinic of Grace Women's Hospital were randomly divided into two groups and enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of PCOS was made by the criteria from 2003 Rotterdam Consensus. Metformin group (19 patients, 45 cycles) received metformin (Daewoong Pharma Co., Korea; 500 mg three times or two times a day from one or two months before and during IVF cycle) and control group (13 patients, 42 cycles) did not receive metformin. All patients received controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) using gonadotropins (Fostimon, IBSA, Switzerland) with GnRH antagonist (Cetrotide, Serono, Germany). When leading follilces reached 18 mm in diameter, recombinant hCG 250 ?g (OVIDREL, Serono, Italy) was injected. Oocytes were retrieved transvaginally 35 hours later. The luteal phase was supported everyday by progesterone 50 mg IM (Progest, Samil, Korea) with micronized progesterone 200 mg vaginal insertion (Utrogestan, Besins, France). RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in the patients age (34.1+/-3.0 vs 33.5+/-2.9 years), the duration of infertility (4.3+/-1.3 vs 4.5.+/-1.3 years) and BMI (23.5+/-2.4 vs 24.01+/-2.7 kg/m2) among two groups (p> or =0.05 for each). There was also no statistical difference in the indications of IVF among two groups; ovulation factor (27 cycles vs 23 cycles), tubal factor (7 vs 8), male factor (8 vs 7) and other factor (3 vs 4) (p> or =0.05). The duration of ovulation induction in metformin group was significantly shorter when compared with control group (10.1+/-2.3 vs 13.8+/-2.2 days, p<0.05). Total doses of FSH-HP in metformin group were significantly less than that in control group (30.3+/-11.5 vs 39.9+/-11.7 ampules, p<0.05). There was no difference in the number of aspirated oocytes (10.5+/-4.7 vs 9.6+/-3.6), the fertilization rate (65.9+/-17.4% vs 63.2+/-25.9%), implantation rate (30.3+/-11.5% vs 38.1+/-17.3%) and the number of good quality embryo (5.0+/-1.8 vs 4.7+/-2.5, p< or =0.05). Clinical pregnancy rate was higher in metfomin group (33.3% vs. 23.8%), although statistically not significant. CONCLUSION: Although more randomized study is needed, metformin therapy in PCOS patients undergoing IVF has possibility of reducing the duration of COH and the gonadotropin doses.
Key Words: Metformin, Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), In vitro fertilization (IVF)

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