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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2006;49(11):2310-2315.
Published online November 1, 2006.
Bilateral Uterine Arterial Embolization for Treatment for Uterine Myoma.
Jeong Bum Choi, Ji Hoon Yoo, Shin Hye Kim, Seung Jun Park, Hwan Sung Joe, Hyo Sang Han, In Cheol Hwang, Kyu Yeon Choi, Seung Boo Yang
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Gumi, Korea. joes_club@lycos.co.kr
2Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Gumi, Korea.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of uterine artery embolization for the treatment of symptomatic leiomyomas in the patients who want to preserve uterus, want fertility or feel fear for operation. METHODS: From January 2003 to June 2005, among the patients with symptomatic uterine leiomyoma, fifteen women who wanted to preserve uterus or wanted fertility or had fear for operation were included in this retrospective study. Bilateral Uterine artery embolization (UAE) was performed. At the preprocedure and at 2, 6, and 12 weeks of postprocedure, transvaginal ultrasonography was performed for all patients. Clinical symptoms and follow-up information for each patient were evaluated. RESULTS: 15 leimyomas were treated with UAE. The initial mean volume of leiomyomas was 55.4 (46.3-67.4) cm3. The mean volume decrease was 58.6+/-9.7%, 77.5+/-12.3%, 86.8+/-23.5% at 2, 6, 12 weeks. The outcome of clinical symptoms were as followed; 'much improved' 20% (3/15), 'somewhat improved' 60% (6/15), 'no improvement' 20% (3/15), 'somewhat worsen's 0% (0/15), and 'much worsen' was 0% (0/15). There was no case of hysterectomy or myomectomy after UAE. And also no case of increasement of volume nor worsening of clinical symptoms were found. Lower abdominal pain was the most common symptoms after UAE, but complications were not detected. CONCLUSION: In this study, UAE to treat patients with uterine leiomyoma is proved to be effective not only in volume reduction, but also in symptom improvement. And it is a relatively less-invasive procedure which decreases the risk of side effects of operation. Above all things, it preserves fecundity in young women. Therefore, UAE is very effective and safe procedure in the treatment of symptomatic uterine leiomyoma.
Key Words: Uterine artery embolization, Myoma uteri

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