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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2006;49(11):2380-2387.
Published online November 1, 2006.
Urinary tract injuries after total hysterectomy.
Suk Keun Choe, Min Hyung Jung, Dae Yeon Kim, Dae Sik Seo, Jong Hyeok Kim, Yong Man Kim, Young Tak Kim, Joo Hyun Nam, Jung Eun Mok
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. ymkim@amc.seoul.kr
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and convalescence times of urinary tract injury after gynecological surgery, total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), total vaginal hysterectomy (VH), radical hysterectomy (RH), and laparoscopic-assisted radical hysterectomy (LRH). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 109 patients with urinary tract injuries after total hysterectomy from May 1989 to April 2004. During the study period, 18,721 hysterectomies were carried out. RESULTS: The total incidence of urinary tract injury after total hysterectomy was 0.59%, as follows: TAH, 0.55%; LAVH, 0.64%; VH, 0.62%; RH, 0.69%; and LRH, 1.56%. The total incidence of bladder and ureteric injury was, respectively, 0.51 and 0.09%, as follows: TAH, 0.51 and 0.04%; LAVH, 0.57 and 0.07%; VH, 0.62 and 0%; RH, 0.21 and 0.49%; and LRH, 1.79 and 0.89%. There was no significant difference of the incidence of urinary tract injury type of operation with benign findings (P>0.05), but there was significant difference of the incidence of injury between type of operation with benign and malignant findings (P<0.05). The convalescence times were 10.3+/-8.7 days after bladder injury and 44.4+/-16.27 days after ureteric injury diagnosed intraoperatively, but 33.3+/-46.6 days after bladder injury and 69.0+/-16.4 days after ureteric injury diagnosed postoperatively. There was significant difference between both groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, total hysterectomy resulted in 0.59% incidence of urinary tract injury and repair of these injuries was successful in all cases. There was no significant difference for incidence of urinary tract injury between types of operation with benign findings, but there was significant difference between types of operation for benign and malignant findings. The convalescence times for intraoperatively recognized injuries were significantly shorter than those for injuries recognized postoperatively. 109, but significant difference between benign and malignant gynecological operations (P<0.05). Tintraoperatively recognized.
Key Words: Urinary tract injury, Total hysterectomy


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