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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2007;50(4):594-600.
Published online April 1, 2007.
Clinical use of a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube in the management of postpartum hemorrhage.
Pil Je Cho, Kyung Jin Whang, Ji Yeon Lee, Ho Jin Choi, Ho Sun Chang, Mi Ryung Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Grace Women's Hospital, Koyang, Korea. jpchogd@empal.com
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the efficacy of clinical use of a intrauterine Sengstaken-Blakemore tube (S-B tube) in postpartum hemorrhage not controlled with medication and conservative treatment. METHODS: Retrospective review was done in 18 women with insertion of S-B tube into intrauterine cavity who did not controlled with medication and conservative treatment for postpartum hemorrhage. After third stage of labor, women were treated with prophylactic intramuscular Methylergonovine 0.2 mg and intravenous infusions of oxytocin routinely. If the postpartum bleeding continued, Misoprostol 800 microgram (per rectal) and intravenous infusions of Dinoprost 2 mg mixed with 5% D/S 500 cc were employed. And then women were examined for retained placenta and laceration of birth canal. Where necessary, retained placenta was removed and lacerations were sutured. If the postpartum bleeding did not controlled despite all of procedures, we decided use of intrauterine S-B tube. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 30.9+/-4.4 (27-39) years, their mean body weights and parities were 67.8+/-8.2 (56.2-85.7) kg, 1.8+/-0.8 (1-4) and mean gestational age was 38.5+/-2.9 (37-42) weeks respectively. The mean time from delivery to insertion of S-B tube was 107.6+/-94.0 (24-360) minutes. The mean filled normal saline amount was 190.5+/-35.2 (120-230) cc. Of 18 who was inserted of S B tube, 15 cases needed not additional surgical therapy. So success rate was 83.3%. CONCLUSION: Insertion of intrauterine S-B tube appears as a simple and effective means of treating postpartum hemorrhage not controlled with medication and conservative treatment.
Key Words: Postpartum bleeding, Sengstaken-Blakemore tube


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