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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2007;50(5):769-775.
Published online May 1, 2007.
Three different approach to hysterectomy for benign uterine pathology.
Ho Suap Hahn, Kyu Hong Choi, Joo Myung Kim, Hyun Joo Lee, No Mi Choi, Won Sik Yoo, Kyung Yeon Kim, Nam Sook Kim, Soo Hee Jo, Jun Shik Hong
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dr66205@freechal.com
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sanborn Jeil Women's Hospital, Gyeonggi, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the rates and clinical outcomes between abdominal hysterectomy (AH), laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and vaginal hysterectomy (VH). METHODS: Medical records of 236 patients who underwent hysterectomy (by one surgeon) for benign uterine pathology between march 2004 and april 2006 were reviewed. Primary outcome measure was the rate of each method of hysterectomy. Secondary outcome measures included perioperative and postoperative outcomes between groups. RESULTS: The mean age, weight, height, body mass index, and parity in three groups showed no difference. In two hundred and twenty two cases of hysterectomies, the rate of AH was 13.5%, LH 34.2%, and VH 52.3%. Perioperative outcomes of AH, LH and VH were as follows : operative time (83.2+/-27.1 min, 94.2+/-25.2 min, and 50.8+/-15.5 min, respectively), change in hemoglobin (2.3+/-1.5 g/dL, 2.0+/-0.9 g/dL, and 1.3+/-1.1 g/dL, respectively), duration of urinary catheterization (2.0+/-0.2 days, 1.0+/-0.0 days, and 1.0+/-0.4 days, respectively), postoperative hospitalization (5.7+/-1.2 days, 4.7+/-0.9 days, and 4.3+/-1.0 days, respectively), uterine weight (733+/-665 g, 340+/-213 g, and 300+/-156 g, respectively). Uterine weight in the AH group was significantly heavier than in the LH and VH. The benefits of LH versus AH were shorter duration of urinary catheterization and postoperative hospitalization (p<0.05). The benefits of VH versus AH were shorter operative time, a smaller drop in hemoglobin, shorter duration of urinary catheterization and postoperative hospitalization (p<0.05). The benefits of VH versus LH were shorter operative time, a smaller drop in hemoglobin, and postoperative hospitalization (p<0.05). There were no differences in complications of AH, LH and VH (13.3%, 10.5%, and 9.5%, respectively p=0.825). CONCLUSIONS: Eighty six point five percent of hysterectomy can be done vaginal or laparoscopic approach. When there is a concerted effort to increase laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy can decrease without increasing complication rate.
Key Words: Abdominal hysterectomy, Laparoscopic hysterectomy, Vaginal hysterectomy


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