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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2007;50(5):776-783.
Published online May 1, 2007.
Effects of laparoscopic surgery on the immune system of the patients with gynecologic diseases.
Sie Hyun You, Joo Hee Yoon, Eun Young Shin, Young Oak Lew, Dae Hoon Kim
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea. jhyoon@catholic.ac.kr
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea.
3Research Institute of Medical Science of St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Elective surgical approaches and trauma cause changes in the production of different cytokines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of laparoscopic surgery on the immune system of patients with gynecologic diseases. METHODS: We recruited the open surgery group (n=20) and laparoscopic surgery group (n=33). In a prospective study we examined the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, the production of the cytokines Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-8 (IL-8), Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and TNF-alpha concentrations by ELISA. In addition the fibrinogen, transferrin, albumin, hemoglobin and hematocrit were measured. Statistical analysis was made by Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: There were significant statistical differences in the CRP, IL-6 and IL-8 between the open surgery group and laparoscopic surgery group after surgery. The CRP and IL-8 showed a more distinct increase in open surgery group 24 hours after surgery, the differences between the two surgical approaches were significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Elective surgical approaches cause changes in the immune system, which can be evaluated by the reaction of cytokines. Laparoscopic surgery cause less activation of the CRP and IL-8 than open surgery.
Key Words: C-reactive protein, Cytokines


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