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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2008;51(4):441-447.
Published online April 1, 2008.
Diagnostic efficacy of saline infusion sonohysterography and hysteroscopy for intrauterine lesion.
So Myung Lee, Eu Gene Chang, Soo Young Park, Kwang Pil Jeong, Moon Kyoung Cho, Sung Tack Oh
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chonnam national university, Gwangju, Korea. ohst@chonnam.ac.kr
2Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, College of Medicine, Seonam University, Namwon, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To compare the diagnostic accuracy and acceptability of saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS), and hysteroscopy for detecting intracavitary abnormalities in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with abnormal uterine bleeding were selected from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Chonnam University Hospital. The findings at SIS were compared with the hysteroscopic and histologic findings. The agreement of diagnosis between SIS and hysteroscopy was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated. RESULTS: SIS had a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 85% for a diagnosis of endometrial polyp. Hysteroscopy had a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 96% for diagnosis of endometrial polyp. SIS had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 86% for a diagnosis of submucosal myoma. Hysteroscopy had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity 99% for a diagnosis of submucosal myoma. SIS had a sensitivity of 91% and a specificity of 96% for a diagnosis of submucosal myoma. Hysteroscopy had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity 91% for a diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic accuracy of SIS was significant to that of hysteroscopy in diagnosing intracavitary abnormalities, Moreover, SIS in a safe, convenient, cost effective, easily accessible and acceptable investigative modality.
Key Words: Saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS), Hysteroscopy


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