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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2008;51(7):725-731.
Published online July 1, 2008.
Who is more appropriate to do metabolic control of pregnancy complicated by diabetes?: Comparison of internist and obstetrician.
Yong Soo Seo, Jung Hwan Shin, Hun Yul Lee, Won Il Park, Jae Ryung Kim, Hae Min Kim, Eun Joo Choi, Dae Woon Kim, Seo Yoo Hong, Eun Ju Park
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eulji University School of Medicine,Eulji General Hospital, Seoul, Korea. sjh3102@eulji.ac.kr
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To compared obstetric outcomes of pregnancies complicated by diabetes according to the managing department and to consider role of obstetrician and endocrinologist METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 72 pregnant women managed for diabetes during March 2004 to December 2006 was performed. Eighteen women had been managed by obstetricians (Group I) while 54 women had been managed by endocrinologists of internal medicine (Group II) during their pregnancies at Eulji Hospital. None of these patients had multiple pregnancies, abnormal karyotype, or other medical disorders other than diabetes. Pregnancy outcomes were compared between two groups. RESULTS: No difference was found with regard to the age, parity, BMI (body mass index), weight gain during the pregnancy, and the gestational weeks of delivery. There was also no difference in the blood glucose levels after 100 gm OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test) and HbA1C levels in two groups. The neonatal birth weight of group I (2.89+/-0.21 kg) was significantly lower than that of group II (3.38+/-0.08 kg, P=0.040). The 1 min APGAR score, which was corrected by weight through ANCOVA test, was also significantly lower in group I (7.11+/-0.51 vs 8.11+/-0.19, P=0.028). But There was no difference in 5 min APGAR score. The incidence of birth weight over 3.8kg was significantly higher in group II [37/54 (68.5%) vs 1/17 (5.6%), P=0.030]. Neonatal hypoglycemia was also higher in group II (37.0% vs 11.1%, P=0.043). Other neonatal and maternal complications associated with diabetes were not significantly different between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In medical point of view, obstetrician can effectively manage diabetes during pregnancy as good as internist. Besides, the management by obstetricians may be more economic, less annoying, and can induce more compliance and motivation of the patients.
Key Words: Diabetes mellitus, Pregnancy
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