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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2008;51(11):1330-1336.
Published online November 1, 2008.
Uterine myoma: Treatment modalities and patient preference.
Soo Hee Jo, Joo Myung Kim, Won Sik Yoo, Kyung Yeon Kim, Mi La Kim, Kyu Hong Choi, Jong Young Jun, Ho Won Han, Kwan Young Joo
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. mila76@naver.com
The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical features of myoma, treatment options, patient preference and to identify the clinical features which affect the management of myoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 577 patients who were diagnosed as uterine myoma on ultrasound exam between January 2006 and December 2006. Patients' characteristics, treatment methods and questionnaires for patient preference were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age was 42.3 years and 90.8% of the patients were premenopausal status. Common symptoms were pain (58.6%), bleeding (51.3%) and compression symptom (30.2%). In our study, 183 of 577 patients (31.7%) planned to have regular follow-up without treatment. Non-hormonal medical treatment was used in 27.1% and hormonal treatment was used in 41.9% of the patients. One hundred eighty-two patients underwent surgical treatment, including myomectomy (57.1%), subtotal hysterectomy (19.8%) and total hysterectomy (23.1%). Among the patients who underwent surgery, 50.6% of patients (88/174) had surgery due to compression symptom, 42.6% (126/296) due to bleeding, and 34.6% (117/338) due to pain. According to the 100 patients who answered the questionnaires, 78 patients preferred medical therapy initially, but 22 patients chose surgical treatment. When the patient was asked to choose between myomectomy and hysterectomy, 94 patients wanted myomectomy, but only 6 patients chose hysterectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Many patients diagnosed as myoma prefer medical treatment initially. Medical treatment for myoma may be considered as the first line treatment for pain and bleeding symptoms before proceeding to surgical treatment.
Key Words: Uterine myoma, Medical treatment, Surgical treatment, Patient preference
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