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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2009;52(5):508-514.
Published online May 1, 2009.
Comparison of pregnancy prognosis by surgical management for Adnexal mass in pregnancy.
In Cheul Jeung, Yong Seok Lee, Eun Kyung Park, Hae Nam Lee
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon, Korea. leehaenam@catholic.ac.kr
To compare pregnancy prognosis by surgical management methods for adnexal mass in pregnancy, we evaluated laparoscopic surgery and laparotomy. METHODS: Between January 2000 and April 2008, 62 patients diagnosed with adnexal mass in pregnancy from St. Mary's hospital, Kangnam St. Mary's hospital, and Daejeon St. Mary's hospital were included. We performed a systemic retrospective chart review of patient who received by exploratory laparotomy or laparoscopy. The following factors were assessed: preoperative diagnosis, gestational age at the time of surgery, operative time, hospital stay, pathology, gestational age at delivery, complication and pregnancy outcome in both groups. Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test were used for statistical analysis. P-value below 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Laparoscopy 23 cases and exploratory laparotomy 39 cases underwent surgery during the study period. Lower abdominal pain due to cystic mass (50.0%) was the first operative indication and cystic torsion (30.6%) was followed. There was no difference in operative time, hospital stay, pregnancy outcome (spontaneous abortion, threatened abortion, preterm labor or birth) between two groups. But threatened abortion and preterm labor were increased in emergency operation than elective operation (P=0.028). Pregnancy outcomes were similar between laparoscopy and laparotomy. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in pregnancy complication and prognosis. Laparoscopic surgery can be managed safely as laparotomy in pregnancy women with adnexal mass.
Key Words: Pregnancy, Adnexal mass, Laparoscopy, Laparotomy, Prognosis

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